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Rare George II Carved Mahogany Breakfront Secretaire Bookcase in the Manner of Designer William Kent and Cabinet Maker William Hallett

Rare George II Carved Mahogany Breakfront Secretaire Bookcase in the Manner of Designer William Kent and Cabinet Maker William Hallett

In the manner of WILLIAM KENT

England

circa 1750

The secretaire bookcase has an exceptional carved breakfront pediment which sits above astragal glazed doors that rest on a carved moulded edge with acanthus leaf decoration. The lower section with a secretaire drawer has a centre cupboard below which is fitted with trays and another full length drawer. The secretaire is flanked by drawers above panelled cupboard doors concealing banks of drawers. The bookcase rests on a crisply carved gadrooned moulded plinth base and carries the original gilt brass swan neck handles.

In our opinion the bookcase has three compelling styles which we believe can be directly related to the designs of William Kent; The pediment has a vitruvian-wave which is prevalent throughout William Kent's designs and his commissions; the leaf carved decoration on the pediment is seen on items designed by William Kent that have been made for various estates in England; the overall character of the pediment has the palladian style that William Kent is famous for.

The maker was almost certainly working in a London workshop carrying out William Kent's designs. However the moulding to the base of the bookcase closely resembles the work of cabinet maker William Hallett. This moulding is often seen in commissioned furniture for St. Giles's House, Dorset for the 4th Earl of Shaftesbury


William Hallett, Great Newport Street, Longacre, London. Cabinet Maker (Born Circa 1707 died 1781)

William Hallett worked extensively for Anthony Ashley-Cooper 4th Earl of Shaftesbury (1710-1771) at St Giles House, Wimborne, Dorset. The Earl employed William Hallett, the highly fashionable cabinet maker and upholsterer of Great Newport Street, to supply chairs and dining room furniture for his house between 1745-1752. Four payments to Hallett are recorded in the St. Giles household accounts book for the years 1732-1757. William Hallett made furniture from about 1730, with work for Lord Irwin as his first recorded commission (1735), until the early 1750s.

William Hallett acted as ‘sleeping partners’ in the firm Vile & Cobb. This is attested by payments and receipts in the Hallett, Vile & Cobb bank accounts, Drummonds Branch. In 1753 William Hallett moved his business from Great Newport Street to St. Martin’s Lane. He took premises next to Vile & Cobb’s. Two years later his name is crossed through in the rate books (Westminster Reference Library) and Cobb’s is inserted.

William Hallett was commissioned by many of the landed gentry of the day and his work can be seen at some of the houses listed below.

Temple Newsam House, Leeds - 7th Viscount Irwin 1736 (Made for the London House initially in 1735)
Holkham Hall, Norfolk – 1st Earl of Leicester 1737
Badmington, Gloucestershire - 4th Duke of Beaufort 1740
Ditchley Park, Oxon – 2nd Earl of Litchfield 1742
Wilton House,Wiltshire – 7th Earl of Pembroke 1742
Strawberry Hill, Middlesex – Horace Walpole 1755
Commissions for Augusta, Princess of Wales at various locations 1740 (Windsor Royal Archives)

Height 230.00cm (90.55 inches)

Width 210.00cm (82.68 inches)

Depth 50.00cm (19.69 inches)

Stock No: F625

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Literature

Susan Weber, 'William Kent: Designing Georgian Britain', 2013, p.309, fig. 12.9

William Kent. Royal Barge (detail): Vitruvian-wave.

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